About Cusco Perú

About Cusco Perú

Cusco city was named by the Peruvian Constitution as the Historical Capital of Peru, other major awards that the city of Cusco are:

Cultural Heritage of Humanity, UNESCO (Paris, France 1983) World Cultural Heritage, the Convention of Mayors of major cities in the World (Milan, Italy 1978)

Archaeological Capital of America, Congress of Americanists (La Plata, Argentina 1933)

And the last one is: Machu Picchu, New Seven Wonder of the Modern World, the award was to celebrate at 100 years of its discovery.


Cusco department is located on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in western Watanay River, which is a tributary of the River Vilcanota or Urubamba River.


76 225 km2, this is 5.9% of Peruvian territory (1'285, 215 km2) Cusco department is divided into 13 provinces, and the province of Cusco has an area of 523 km2


According to INEI (National Institute of Statistics and Informatics) the Cusco department had 390 000 inhabitants in 2008, with a growth of about 30 000 inhabitants per year, this indicates that for this year (2012) the population easily exceeds 500 000 inhabitants.


For 2012 we have the following percentages:

  • Roman Catholic: 64%
  • Evangelical Christian: 21%
  • Quechua: 9%
  • Other Religions: 6%


The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.) But most commercial establishments accept U.S. dollars ($) and money exchange places located in the Cusco down town can make changes to soles almost any type of currency (euros, dollars, pounds, reales...)


Almost all of the local people make use of medical services provided by the state, but there are many clinics and medical workers already have foreign language studies, you can get medical assistant in all the cities and all the turistic attractives check point too.


Cusco city has the Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport receives domestic flights and some international ones in the day, it’s not working at night yet.


Cusco city has a different kind of vehicles for national and international transportation (buses and smaller vehicles) and 3 railway companies

Rail service in Cusco covers the following routes:

  • Cusco - Ollantaytambo - Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu) - Hydroelectric
  • Cusco - Puno - Cusco

Both offer services for tourists deferred local turists, national and foreign turists

Vehicular transportation service covering all domestic and some international routes with times along the day and at night too.


In Cusco we can see a lot of tourist attractions, but undoubtedly the most important of these is the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which is the archaeological site of Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail.

Down town Cusco city we can see the Qorikacancha Temple, which was the first building, later will be the Inca administrative center, that was the main of Inca gods temple. Around the Cusco city, we find the Inca archaeological complex of Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay, apart from some minor remains of the area.

Cusco city has 14 Catholic churches built in the colonial era, but the most visited by tourists are the Cathedral of Cusco, the Temple of San Blas and the Jesus Company.

The Sacred Valley of the Incas circuit, offers 3 Archaeological Inca places, Pisac, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero.

The South Sacred Valley area, ranging from the archaeological complex of Tipon, Archaeological Complex Pre - Inca complex called Pikillaqta and Andahuaylillas Colonial church, named the Sistine Chapel of America.

The tour of the Salt Mines and the archaeological Inca complex of Moray and the Maras colonial town are located in the Urubamba province, Maras district.

There is a famous big place called Choquequirao and possibly was the last refuge of the Incas when Spanish arrived, is a large building with lots of farming terraces and major temples.

There are many Inca ruins like Huchuy Qosqo in the Calca province, who is also running for tourists, either through an Inca trail that leaves from Cusco, another path that goes from the Chinchero district in the Urubamba province and the express way starting from the Lamay town in the Calca province (Sacred Valley of the Incas)

There are also many hiking adventure ending in Machu Picchu and are in great demand by foreign tourists, travel going for the passes by the Salkantay snow mountain which is located more than 5000 meters high, the journey called Inca Jungle Trail which is a adventure which also makes mountain biking down hill and hiking by a alternative Inca Trail or travel through the Lares town which also ends in Machu Picchu.

All these hikes mix the tourism potential of Cusco, whether natural attraction (flora and fauna) and cultural remains (Inca ruins)

Many biologists and people found of nature tourism also are attracted to Cusco, as there are countless places to observe species of flora and fauna.


At the airport Alejandro Velasco Astete there is a Tourist Information and Assistance office (iperu), and in the down town there is another office, which can make inquiries and obtain tourist information and can also make complaints about poor service or breach of them.

You can also get tourist information in the vast majority of travel agencies without any commitment to purchase.

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